Week 5- Chapter 5

Week 5- Chapter 5 - FAD 3432 Chapter 5 Definitions A Guide...

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FAD 3432 Chapter 5: Definitions- A Guide to Family Stress I. Introduction a. Families do not live in isolation. i. It is critical to understand that they are a part of a larger context when considering the family stress management process. ii. They are part of a larger context which is imperative that we consider when working with families, especially those experiencing stress and are potentially in crisis. b. There are two contexts in which family stress is mediated. II. Family External Context a. Composed of components over which the family has no control. b. While it may be difficult for the family to change aspects of the external context, it is critical that it is considered when assessing and working with families. c. Including the family’s environment, or ecosystem. i. Essentially the time and place in which a family lives. d. Includes: i. Cultural 1. Although the family’s private beliefs and values are under their control and therefore part of the internal context, the cultural context provides the canons and mores by which the family defines the way they live. 2. Also, defines the larger society’s rules for coping with prejudice and stigma, problem solving, management styles, and accepted methods for managing stress. 3. Some families belong to subcultures whose rules conflict with that of greater society. a. This can create undue stress. 4. Consider the western idea of individualism and how one might not be open to sharing their struggles with others, even family members. a. Also, families sometimes belong to subcultures within their larger community.
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i. For example, think of a Muslim family living in America, which is a Judeo-Christian based society. Certain rules and traditions may conflict. ii. Historical 1. The time in history in when an event or situation occurs that affects the family or family member. 2. When we try to understand family stress, we have to know what historical events have been influential. a. Ex. Event: job loss. Historical context A: Market crash or Historical context B: time of full employment. b. Other important historical events that influence meaning and perceptions about family stress include events of prejudice… i. Ex. Slavery, Holocaust, Trail of Tears, Darfur c. …Natural disaster i. Hurricanes, tsunami d. And man-made disasters i. War, terrorism, abuse 3. These events leave their mark on the cohort that lives through them and often also on subsequent generations. 4. A more recent example is the events associated with September 11. a. Do you have more of a reaction to low-flying planes now? iii. Economic 1. The community’s or society’s economy 2. The state of the economy influences how a family reacts to a stressful event. a.
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Week 5- Chapter 5 - FAD 3432 Chapter 5 Definitions A Guide...

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