Week 9 Reading

Week 9 Reading - FAD 3432 Chapter 11: The Hierarchical...

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FAD 3432 Chapter 11: The Hierarchical Factor Structure of the Coping Strategies Inventory I. Anecdote a. Hierarchical Factor Analysis i. Primary factors of coping 1. Problem solving 2. Cognitive restructuring 3. Emotional expression 4. Social support 5. Problem avoidance 6. Wishful thinking 7. Self criticism 8. Social withdrawal ii. These are consistent with previous empirical research and theoretical writing iii. The emergence of four secondary factors and two tertiary factors provided empirical support for two theoretical hypotheses concerning the structure of coping. II. Introduction a. Coping refers to cognitive and behavioral responses that individuals use to manage or tolerate stress. b. Coping has become central to the stress theory. i. The health consequences of stress are influenced by coping as well as the amount of stress to which the individual is exposed. c. The seven primary factors of coping have been identified, but there is little information about the structuring of coping. i. Lazarus has hypothesized that primary coping strategies can be best organized into two higher-order categories: 1. Problem-focused strategies: directed at managing or altering the stressor
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2. Emotion-focused strategies: directed at regulated emotional responses to the problem. ii. Other theorists have proposed that specific coping strategies can best be organized into different higher-order categories: 1. Strategies that approach a stressor 2. Strategies that avoid a stressor iii. Finally, it has been suggested that coping strategies are best organized into: 1. Adaptive 2. Maladaptive d. There would be less confusion if studies were done to see how these theories relate to each other. i. Another theory of higher-order factors my Massi related to hardiness theory created: 1. Transformational coping a. “Problem-specific behaviors aimed at resolving the stressful situation, as well as transforming it into…an opportunity for personal growth.” 2. Regressive coping a. Consists of or attempts to “avoid or shrink from the situation initiated by the stressful event.” ii. Parkes also factor-analyzed the Ways of Coping and obtained three factors 1. General coping 2. Direct coping a. “Problem-focused attempts to manage the situation.” b. Absence of fantasy and wishful thinking 3. Suppression a. “Attempts at suppressing thoughts of the situation and inhibition of action.” iii. Neither of these theories examined how these factors related to the constructs of problem- and emotion-focused coping proposed by Lazarus, or to the primary dimensions of coping identified in numerous recent studies.
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e. Scheier and his colleagues argue that problem-focused coping is synonymous with
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2011 for the course FAD 3432 taught by Professor Cornille during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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Week 9 Reading - FAD 3432 Chapter 11: The Hierarchical...

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