{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Week 9 Reading

Week 9 Reading - FAD 3432 Chapter 11 The Hierarchical...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
FAD 3432 Chapter 11: The Hierarchical Factor Structure of the Coping Strategies Inventory I. Anecdote a. Hierarchical Factor Analysis i. Primary factors of coping 1. Problem solving 2. Cognitive restructuring 3. Emotional expression 4. Social support 5. Problem avoidance 6. Wishful thinking 7. Self criticism 8. Social withdrawal ii. These are consistent with previous empirical research and theoretical writing iii. The emergence of four secondary factors and two tertiary factors provided empirical support for two theoretical hypotheses concerning the structure of coping. II. Introduction a. Coping refers to cognitive and behavioral responses that individuals use to manage or tolerate stress. b. Coping has become central to the stress theory. i. The health consequences of stress are influenced by coping as well as the amount of stress to which the individual is exposed. c. The seven primary factors of coping have been identified, but there is little information about the structuring of coping. i. Lazarus has hypothesized that primary coping strategies can be best organized into two higher-order categories: 1. Problem-focused strategies: directed at managing or altering the stressor
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2. Emotion-focused strategies: directed at regulated emotional responses to the problem. ii. Other theorists have proposed that specific coping strategies can best be organized into different higher-order categories: 1. Strategies that approach a stressor 2. Strategies that avoid a stressor iii. Finally, it has been suggested that coping strategies are best organized into: 1. Adaptive 2. Maladaptive d. There would be less confusion if studies were done to see how these theories relate to each other. i. Another theory of higher-order factors my Massi related to hardiness theory created: 1. Transformational coping a. “Problem-specific behaviors aimed at resolving the stressful situation, as well as transforming it into…an opportunity for personal growth.” 2. Regressive coping a. Consists of or attempts to “avoid or shrink from the situation initiated by the stressful event.” ii. Parkes also factor-analyzed the Ways of Coping and obtained three factors 1. General coping 2. Direct coping a. “Problem-focused attempts to manage the situation.” b. Absence of fantasy and wishful thinking 3. Suppression a. “Attempts at suppressing thoughts of the situation and inhibition of action.” iii. Neither of these theories examined how these factors related to the constructs of problem- and emotion-focused coping proposed by Lazarus, or to the primary dimensions of coping identified in numerous recent studies.
Image of page 2
e. Scheier and his colleagues argue that problem-focused coping is synonymous with
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern