7) The New South - T he New South Mel Barret private...

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The New South Mel Barret: private memoirs County fair; salesmen offers a lifetime chance to listen to Thomas Edison’s talking machine Heard southern vigilantism at work Contradictions of the New South (new technological experience; dismissed revolution) Country stores that stand in the way of railroads that are infiltrating the south Rise of racial oppression The New South 1) Integration of the south into the American industrial system 2) Re-emergence of a south characterized by racial oppression Skewed Social System, 1680s-1865 White slave Holders o Less than 25% (controlled everything) White Farmers o More than 75% o Subsistence farmers Enslaved African Americans o 4 million, unpaid, un-free agricultural laborers o Most are American born Ideological Support for slavery o Paternalism: whites take care of African Americans
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o Protection: African Americans prone to violence, and whites must protect the rest of whites o Wages of Whiteness No matter you’re standing, you’re still better than slaves 1830s-1840s, poor whites can vote The cotton gin; free/slave passed through mothers Slaves have absolutely no rights Paternalist are looking out for all whites Civil war-preserving slavery, poor whites support despite receiving no benefits from it Reconstruction: A Testing Ground for Free Labor Ideology 13 th Amendment (1865) o Ends slavery 14
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7) The New South - T he New South Mel Barret private...

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