Chapter 1 DV - Chapter 1 Computers in Business and Industry...

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Chapter 1 Computers in Business and Industry
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2 Introduction Computer technology has changed every aspect of business and industry In the factory In retail sales and marketing In banking In the office Computers have also impacted the health and quality of life of individuals Technology will change the economy and employment in the future
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3 Socio-Economic Revolutions The Agricultural Revolution (c. 12,000 BP) Farmers learned to produce crops more efficiently The Industrial Revolution (c. 1750) Industries became more productive through automation, mechanization, and electricity The Information Revolution (c. 1950) Businesses use information to provide core services or produce, process, and provide information as their main product
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4
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5 Computers In the Factory Computer-aided design (CAD) Uses a computer and special software to assist in product design Computer-aided engineering (CAE) Uses computers to test product designs Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) Uses computers to direct machines that produce and assemble a product Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) Combines CAD, CAE, and CAM into one system
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6 BMW CAD System
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7 Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP) Systems Job-scheduling system Helps decide when to initiate production based on supplies and customer demand Inventory control system Tracks and matches current inventory supplies against anticipated future orders to ensure component availability Just-in-time manufacturing Lets manufacturers acquire components just before they are needed on the assembly line
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8 Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP) Systems, cont. Warehouse management system (WMS) Tracks items received, generates pick lists, labels packages, tracks customer receipt
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9 Industrial Robots Computer-controlled robots perform work that might be hazardous to people
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10 Retail Sales and Marketing Point-of-sale (POS) systems record purchases, process credit or debit cards, and update inventory A bar code scanner reads the bar code on a product with a laser beam Bar codes consist of the manufacturer and item name The computer retrieves the price and product
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2011 for the course BCIS 2610 taught by Professor Sidorova during the Fall '08 term at North Texas.

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Chapter 1 DV - Chapter 1 Computers in Business and Industry...

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