Chapter 2 dv - Chapter 2 Computers in Government Law...

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Chapter 2 Computers in Government, Law Enforcement, and the Military
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2 Introduction Computers and the Government Electoral process, postal services, census, and taxes Computers in Law Enforcement Evidence and criminal record databases, traffic violations, stolen vehicles, missing children, wireless 911 Computers and Homeland Security Tracking visitors, surveillance, crisis management Computers in the Military UAVs, PackBots, smart bombs, tracking troop movement, computer simulations
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3 Computers and Government Streamline office functions Make information publicly available Handle processing of applications and forms Analyze and store data and statistics Manage budgets and payrolls
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4 The Election Process Campaign polling Often done electronically Results are analyzed using software applications Demographic groups are specifically targeted Voters and candidates can research online Candidate’s web site Voting records Campaign finance databases News sources
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5 Table 2-1: Computerized voting systems
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6 Direct recording electronic machines
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7 United States Postal Service Uses an optical character recognition (OCR) system Translates characters into digital images Looks up addresses in a database Applies a POSTNET bar code Routes mail using a bar code sorter Provides customer service and products on its Web site Calculate shipping costs, buy stamps, hold and forward mail, change address
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8 Census Bureau Optical mark recognition system scans data Computers tabulate data Handheld computers are envisioned for the next census Will store contact information for people who have not filled out census forms Will have the ability to input data electronically Census statistics are available to the public online
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9 Internal Revenue Service Tax preparation software or a tax preparation Web site can guide taxpayers through the process of filing taxes Analyzes the form for errors and missed deductions Forms may be mailed or submitted electronically through the IRS e-File system Refunds may be given via direct deposit IRS web site provides comprehensive information Recent tax news for specific demographic groups Forms for downloading Tracking of refunds
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Chapter 2 dv - Chapter 2 Computers in Government Law...

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