Chapter 3 dv - Chapter 3 Computers in Medicine and Science...

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Chapter 3 Computers in Medicine and Science
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2 Introduction The disciplines of medicine and science involve similar steps Make an assessment to the cause of an occurrence Collect and analyze data to understand the occurrence Recommend a course of action Technology has transformed the medical and scientific fields Data collection and analysis Data communication Data storage
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3 Computers in Medicine Medical informatics is the application of computers, communications, and information technology to medicine Patient history Medical practice management Patient diagnosis and monitoring Operating room technology Telemedicine and telepresence surgery Research and training Consumer information
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4 Maintaining Patient History A computer-based patient record (CPR) stores patient information electronically Includes medical history, prescriptions, and health insurance information Can also store digital X-rays, surgery videos, and recorded physician notes An electronic medical record (EMT) system is a healthcare management software package Stores CPRs Includes computer devices and connectivity with labs Checks for possible drug interactions
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5 Managing the Medical Practice EMT systems can help manage the medical practice Link patient records with billing systems Use coded records to file insurance claims Scheduling systems Schedule patient appointments Print out reminder cards for patients Reporting systems Monitor patient outcomes over time Help billing and insurance managers keep track of payments
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6 Capture and analyze patient data with electronic diagnostic tools EKGs, ultrasound, MRIs, CAT scans, digital X rays, pill-sized cameras Use computer-assisted diagnostics (CAD) to confirm or exclude a diagnosis Decision support or expert systems Access pharmacy and medical information online Useful for both physicians and patients Monitor patients continuously In the hospital or remotely from home
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7 Medical diagnostic tools
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8 MRI Digital X ray Ultrasound EKG
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9 Pulse oximeters are used to continuously monitor a patient’s blood oxygen levels and pulse rate. Handheld devices can be equipped with pulse oximeter software and a probe to provide fully functional portability.
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2011 for the course BCIS 2610 taught by Professor Sidorova during the Fall '08 term at North Texas.

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Chapter 3 dv - Chapter 3 Computers in Medicine and Science...

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