Chapter 8 DV - Chapter 8 Computers, Law, and Ethics...

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Chapter 8 Computers, Law, and Ethics
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2 Introduction The use of computers raises a number of important issues How to create laws to address computer crimes How computer technology should be used ethically Legal issues In e-commerce and intellectual property law Surrounding objectionable content, online gambling, cyberlibel, and cyberstalking Ethical issues In schoolwork, professions, and personal life Surrounding the use of intellectual property
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3 Law Versus Ethics The law is a consistent set of rules that are widely published, generally accepted, and usually enforced Ethics are the standards that help guide your behavior, actions, and choices Ethical values and legal principles are closely related because many laws mandate ethical conduct
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4 While law and ethics are often intertwined, the two are not interchangeable. Ex.: US slavery; 1982 Tylenol crisis
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5 Computers and the Law Cybercrime laws provide for stronger punishments in the hopes of deterring future crime Cyberlaw seeks to address legal and regulatory issues relating to the Internet and the World Wide Web Some computer crimes are newer versions of long-established crimes Theft, fraud, vandalism, harassment, child pornography, and copyright infringement Technology is also enabling entirely new types of crime Cyberstalking , copyright issues on file-sharing networks
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6 E-Commerce Laws Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign) Specifies that a digital signature has the same legal weight as a signature on paper in the United States A digital signature is an encrypted code that is attached to an electronic message, document, or file to verify the identity of the sender The code consists of the user’s name and a hash , which is a formula that generates a code from the message contents Federal Trade Commission Act States that advertising in any medium in the United States must be truthful and not mislead consumers The FTC also holds Web site designers and ad agencies responsible for reviewing advertisements
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7 Digital signatures
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8 Intellectual Property Intellectual property (IP ) refers to unique and original works such as ideas, inventions, writings, art, processes, company and product names, and logos Copyright infringement Copyright law gives the public fair use of copyrighted material The Copyright Act gives copyright holders the exclusive right to reproduce their works for a limited time period The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) protects copyright owners by Making it a crime to circumvent antipiracy measures Outlawing code-cracking devices Providing exemptions for nonprofit libraries, archives, and educational institutions Giving safe harbor to online service providers
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Chapter 8 DV - Chapter 8 Computers, Law, and Ethics...

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