Soci Chapter outlines

Soci Chapter outlines - Chapter 13 Quiz 1. Politics, Power,...

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Chapter 13 Quiz 1. Politics, Power, and Authority a. Politics i. Social Institution through which power is acquired and exercised by some people and groups b. Government i. Formal organization that has the legal and political authority to regulate the relationships among members of a society and between the society and those outside its borders c. State i. Political entity that possesses a legitimate monopoly over the use of force within its territory to achieve its goals d. Power and Authority i. Power 1. According to Max Weber, the ability of people or groups to achieve their goals despite opposition from others ii. Authority 1. Power that people accept as legitimate rather than coercive e. Ideal Types of Authority – 3 Ideal Types i. Traditional Authority 1. Power that is legitimized on the basis of long-standing custom a. Subject to erosion as traditions weaken b. Kings, queens, pharaohs, emperors, and religious dignitaries ii. Charismatic Authority 1. Power legitimized on the basis of a leader’s exceptional personal qualities or the demonstration of extraordinary insight and accomplishment that inspire loyalty and obedience from followers a. Temporary and relatively unstable iii. Rational-Legal Authority
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1. Power legitimized by law or written rules and regulations
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Soci Chapter outlines - Chapter 13 Quiz 1. Politics, Power,...

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