Chapter 4 Quiz 1. Social Structure a. Social Interaction i. Process by which people act toward or respond to other people and is the foundation for all relationships and groups in society. ii. Interactive and ongoing process b. Social Structure i. Complex framework of societal institutions (such as the economy, politics, and religion) and the social practices (such as rules and social roles) that make up a society that organize and establish limits on people’s behavior ii. Complex web of relationships between social actors iii. Individuals->Groups->Organizations->Institutions 2. Social Structure: The Macro-Perspective a. Functional Perspective (Theorists) i. Social structure is essential because it creates order and predictability in a society ii. Also important for our human development b. Conflict Perspective (Theorists) i. Maintain that there is more to social structure than is readily visible and that we must explore the deeper, underlying structures that determine social relations in a society ii. Social structure maintains system of domination/exploitation c. Social Marginality i. State of being part insider and part outsider in the social structure ii. Share the culture of two distinct groups
iii. Robert Park coined this term to refer to personals who simultaneously share the life and traditions of two distinct groups iv. Results in stigmatization 1. Any physical or social attribute or sign that so devalues a person’s social identity that it disqualifies that person from full social acceptance. 3. Components of Social Structure a. Status i. Socially defined position in a group or society characterized by certain expectations, rights, and duties ii. Status set 1. Comprises all the statuses that a person occupies at a given time iii.
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- Spring '06
- Sociology, teraction