thefiles_522251_39338_1263594901

thefiles_522251_39338_1263594901 - Chapter 6 Quiz 1. What...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6 Quiz 1. What is Deviance? a. Deviance i. Any behavior, belief, or condition that violates significant social norms in the society or group in which it occurs ii. Behavioral Deviance 1. Based on a persons intentional or inadvertent actions 2. Intentional deviance a. Drinking too much, robbing a bank 3. Inadvertent deviance a. Losing money in a Las Vegas casino or laughing at a funeral iii. May be considered deviant 1. If they express a radical or unusual belief system 2. Possess a specific condition or characteristic b. Who Defines Deviance? i. Kai T. Erikson 1. Deviance is not a property inherent in certain forms of behavior; it is a property conferred upon these forms by the audiences which directly or indirectly witness them. The critical variable in the study of deviance, then, is the social audience rather than the individual actor, since it is the audience which eventually determines whether or not any episode of behavior or any class of episodes is labeled deviant. ii. Degree of Seriousness 1. Ranging from mild transgressions of folkways, to more serious infringements of mores, to quite serious violations of the law 2. Violating folkways a. Keeping a library book past due 3. Violating mores a. Falsifying college application or cheating on a test 4. Violating criminal law a. Any crime iii. Crime 1. Behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fines, jail terms, and/or other negative sanctions iv. Juvenile Delinquency 1. Refers to a violation of law or the commission of a status offense by young people 2. Includes crimes and status offenses a. Status offenses only illegal if you are young (skipping school or running away from home) c. What is Social Control? i. Social control 1. Refers to the systematic practices that social groups develop in order to encourage conformity to norms, rules, and laws and to discourage deviance 2. Internal or external a. Internal social control takes place through the socialization process: Individuals internalize societal norms and values that prescribe how people should behave and the follow those norms and values in their everyday lives. b. External social control involves the use of negative sanctions that proscribe certain behaviors and set forth the punishments for rule breakers and nonconformists. ii. Criminology 1. The systematic study of crime and the criminal justice system, including the police, courts, and prisons 2. Functionalist Perspectives on Deviance a. What Causes Deviance, and Why Is It Functional for Society? i. Emile Durkheim 1. Believed that deviance is rooted in societal factors such as rapid social change and lack of social integration among people 2. As social integration decreased, deviance and crime increased ii. Anomie 1. Social condition in which people experience a sense of futility because social norms are weak, absent, or conflicting....
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This note was uploaded on 03/09/2011 for the course SOCI 2013 taught by Professor Holyfield during the Spring '06 term at Arkansas.

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thefiles_522251_39338_1263594901 - Chapter 6 Quiz 1. What...

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