Congressional Elections - May 4th, 2010 Finish up...

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Finish up Presidential Elections Congressional Elections Review REMEMBER: Exam is Thursday!! May 4 th , 2010
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Reform? Popular Vote: the total vote cast across the nation: i Would Require a Constitutional Amendment End winner take all i As in Maine and Nebraska i How would this change campaigns?
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Voting for President Party Identification i Subjective feeling of affiliation with a party i Best predictor of vote Policies and Government Performance i Prospective Voting: candidates’ policy promises i Retrospective voting: past performance of incumbent administration Economic Considerations
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Congress: Difference between House and Senate House of Representatives 435 Seats 2 year terms Must be 25 years old Popularly elected Senate 100 Seats 6 year terms Must be 30 years old Popularly elected (17 th Amendment, 1913)
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Congress Single member districts (though, 2 senators per state – we vote for 1 at a time) First Past the Post i Plurality Voting System Contrast with Proportional Representation
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Growth in U.S. House
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Reapportionment: allocation of House seats to the states after each decennial  census
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Redistricting Drawing new boundaries of congressional districts, usually after the decennial census One person, one vote: Districts must be equal in population A political process: state legislatures Gerrymandering: drawing districts in order to confer advantage on some partisan or political interest.
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California 11
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Arizona 2
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California 38
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Political Implications
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Congressional Elections - May 4th, 2010 Finish up...

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