phil of education paper

phil of education paper - Philosophy plays a huge role in...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Philosophy plays a huge role in understanding education and the various ways one can approach the process of teaching. Philosophical thought has many ideas that contribute to what we know and relate directly to the work of a teacher. In class we discussed four educational philosophies that have had an impact in American schools. These include perennialism, essentialism, romanticism, and progressivism. They show and help to shape the many ways we can approach teaching and learning. All teachers must have their own philosophy to guide their practice of facilitating a classroom. This is usually one of the most important aspects for a school in hiring teachers. They want their teachers to have philosophies similar to that of their school. A teacher’s philosophy is a lifelong process that will change as time goes on and one becomes more experienced. The first two philosophies, perennialism and essentialism, are subject- centered and stress the importance of subject matter knowledge in education. Both support strong curriculums and encourage students to have a defined abundance of knowledge. Perennialism is the idea that truth and nature are constant, unchanging, and serve a purpose. The ideas of this philosophy mostly come
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
from the writings of the famous philosopher, Plato. He strongly believed in the Socratic dialectic, which was a process of coming to know ideas through disciplining the mind and rational thought processes. The ability to achieve this is based on one’s educational background according to perennialists. Disciplined knowledge can be taught through history, language, mathematics, science, and the arts. Emphasis is put on literature and the humanities because they provide the best insight into the human nature. Perennialists also believe school-age children need teacher-directed instruction and as they then mature the Socratic dialogue is used to question and examine one’s beliefs to eventually move closer to finding the truth. This philosophy is often criticized as old-fashioned and “Eurocentric” because it pays little attention to other aspects of our culture such as, women, minorities, and Eastern, African, and Hispanic cultures. Essentialism is an American philosophy that came about in the 1930s and 1940s in response to the so-called overemphasis of child-centered educational approaches. This philosophy originated through drawing ideas from both Plato and Aristotle. Essentialists support Plato’s idealism, which views the mind as the best tool for understanding reality and learning
Background image of page 2
essential ideas and knowledge. They also support Aristotle’s realism that we
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 03/10/2011.

Page1 / 8

phil of education paper - Philosophy plays a huge role in...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online