Org Psych Exam Review 1

Org Psych Exam Review 1 - Understanding Organizational...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Understanding Organizational Problems Lecture: 4 types of analysis Individual-Some of the individuals in the team were the problem. Frosty knew the problem but was not assertive and did not get the Captain to listen to him. Relationships-The Captain and Frosty were not able to communicate and this may have been due to their type of relationship. Group-The whole group is on the same track, which was the wrong one Context-Many of the pilots came from the military, which is very hierarchical. Chapter 1: Key trends of organizational psychology 1. The changing nature of work: Jobs and organizations are rapidly changing. They are being broken up into smaller subunits with an emphasis on work teams. Also, the growing increase in technology means that people can work in any location, with team members who are very remote. -This will have important implications for how work is done and I/O psychologists will be involved in helping workers adapt to technological and structural changes. -Also, redesign jobs for greater efficiency with more flexible organizational structures and work teams. -Technological advances allow for more information to be collected which therefore requires workers to process this information and make more decisions. -Organizational downsizing-strategy of reducing an organization’s workforce to improve organizational efficiency, productivity, and/or competitiveness. Requires organizations to do more with less. This has led to decreased levels of worker loyalty and commitment to organizations. 2. Expanding focus on human resources: Organizations have become more and more concerned about and responsive to the needs of workers. -There is a small labor market for truly skilled workers, so organizations have to compete to attract and keep the best workers. Such as enticing benefits programs-like child care, and extended family leaves. -Older workers will have to be retrained to keep up with the continuing advancements in work technology. -Greater focus on personal issues such as recruiting. Screening, and testing potential workers, and on employee training development, and compensations programs, which are all specialties of I/O psychologists. -Seeing employees as more than just a worker but instead as a “whole person” and understanding individual development and seeing how workers cope with stress and adapt to change. Also, how one’s home life can spill over into the workplace. 3. Increasing diversity of the workforce-increasing number of women and ethnic minorities entering the workforce. -Women make up 2/3 of all entering workers in the labor market and 1/3 are ethnic minorities. -By 2010, white males will constitute less than 40% of the workforce. -Increased workforce diversity represents a tremendous strength and opportunities, such
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/09/2011 for the course PSYCH 260 taught by Professor Akutsu during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

Page1 / 8

Org Psych Exam Review 1 - Understanding Organizational...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online