Lec2 Research Methods - C h a p te r 2 : R e s e a rc h M e...

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Chapter 2: Research Methods Chapter 2: Research Methods How to think like a scientist Why do we believe some things and not others? What makes psychology a science? The scientific process Definitions of critical terms Psychological research methods Different types Data analysis Why do you believe in it? Critical Thinking What reasons do you have for believing in some things but not others? This is what science is all about! Psychology as a science What is science? To be considered a science a discipline must have 3 features: 1. Systematic observation (vs. casual observation) 2. Public verification (e.g. claims of seeing Bigfoot are not scientific because they are not verifiable) 3. Solvable problems (e.g. whether God exists is not an empirical question)
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The Scientific Process Research comes out of curiosity Scientific research process: Identify the problem Define your terms Collect data Explain your results The Scientific Process Theory: An integrated set of statements that describes, predicts, or explains behavior. e.g. Venting frustration makes one feel better. Hypothesis: Specific, testable, and disconfirmable statement about the behavior we want to study or the theory we want to test. e.g. Writing an angry letter to one’s boss will result in a positive mood. The Scientific Loop How to Gather Evidence Naturalistic Observation Case Studies Surveys Correlational Studies Experiments
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Naturalistic Observation Observe behavior in an environment in which it typically occurs Pros: Rich, descriptive data Real-life scenarios Cons: Can only describe Poor control Possible distortion Observer bias and participant self-consciousness Case Studies Intensive examination of a
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2011 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Suarez during the Spring '09 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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Lec2 Research Methods - C h a p te r 2 : R e s e a rc h M e...

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