Personality - W h a t is p e r s o n a lit y ? A pattern of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 14 What is personality? A pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics Personality researchers answer questions such as: What makes us the way we are? Why do different people respond differently in the same situation? How well does personality predict behavior? What causes personality differences? How do we measure personality? Assessing personality Approaches to personality Psychodynamic Trait Social-Cognitive Humanistic 3 The Plan Assessing Personality
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Personality Assessment Four main sources: Life outcomes Situational tests Observer ratings Self-reports Interviews (open-ended or structured) Personality tests – objective or projective Objective Personality Tests Objective – unbiased, based on facts Clearly stated items Usually yes/no or true false Example: MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) – clinical scales Compare profile to people with known characteristics (i.e. to people with depression) Advantages: Efficiency, standardization Disadvantages: Subject to deliberate distortion NEO- PI Short Form - Mini-4
Background image of page 2
Projective Personality Tests Unstructured stimuli Try to avoid lying, social desirability Advantages: Correct answer not obvious Designed to tap into unconscious impulses Flexible use Disadvantages Lower reliability and validity No set way to interpret them Examples: TAT (Thematic Apperception Test), Rorschach Inkblots, House-Tree-Person Drawings Thematic Apperception Test Projective test designed to measure Achievement motivation Need for power Need for affiliation Thematic Apperception Test: Scoring Defense Mechanisms Manual DMM. This assesses three defense mechanisms: denial (least mature), projection (intermediate), and identification (most mature). Social Cognition and Object Relations SCOR scale. This assesses four different dimensions of object relations: Complexity of Representations of People, Affect-Tone of Relationship Paradigms, Capacity for Emotional Investment in Relationships and Moral Standards, and Understanding of Social Causality. 12 Rorschach Scoring Criteria 1. Location: Does the student use the whole blot, an unusual detail, a common detail, the white space, or some combination? 2.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 12

Personality - W h a t is p e r s o n a lit y ? A pattern of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online