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Chapter 29 Study Guide

Chapter 29 Study Guide - Alan Brinkley The Unfinished...

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Alan Brinkley, The Unfinished Nation : Study Guide Chapter 29: The Cold War 1. On one hand, the United States version, first openly outlined in the Atlantic Charter in 1941, was of a world in which nations abandoned their traditional beliefs in military alliances and spheres of influence and governed their relations with one another through democratic processes, with an international organization serving as the arbiter of disputes and the protector of every nation’s right of self-determination. The other vision was that of the Soviet Union and to some extent of Great Britain. Both Stalin and Churchill had signed the Atlantic Charter. But Britain had always been uneasy about the implications of self-determination for its own enormous empire. And the Soviet Union was determined to create a secure sphere for itself in Central and Eastern Europe as protection against possible future aggression from the West. Both Churchill and Stalin, therefore, tended to envision a postwar structure vaguely similar to the traditional European balance of power, in which the great powers would control areas of strategic interest to them. 2. The United States and Germany couldn’t agree over what to do about post-war Germany. Roosevelt seemed to want a reconstructed and reunited Germany. Stalin wanted to impose heavy reparations on Germany and to ensure a permanent dismemberment of the nation. 3. Outcomes of the Yalta accords were: in return for Stalin’s promise to enter the Pacific war, Roosevelt agreed that the Soviet Union should receive some of the Pacific territory that Russia had lost in the 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War; the establishment of the United Nations, which would contain a General Assembly (in which every member would be represented) and a Security Council (with permanent representatives of the five major powers, all having veto power, and temporary delegates from several other nations); Stalin consented to hold “free and unfettered elections” in Poland at an unspecified future date; the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union
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