Week 1-3 The End of Imperial China (2)

Week 1-3 The End of Imperial China (2) - was little need...

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Question 1 China before the 16 th century was described as the wealthiest country in the world. Indeed, China was more advanced than any other Western countries in terms of civilization and technology. However, it revealed its inability in responding Western invasions in the 19 th century. What was the reason of the decline of the ‘Middle Kingdom’? Kanglido (1402)
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The Causes of the Decline of Middle Kingdom A. Confucian Ideology - Conservative Nature: Confucianism underlines the existing values and sociopolitical orders. - The government was administered by those who possessed the required ethics and code of conduct and, therefore, there
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Unformatted text preview: was little need for either the strict rule of law or an explicit social contract. B. Sinocentrism-Self-centered mentality made China feel no need to strenghten its military power, technological renovation, and commercial development. The Causes of the Decline of Middle Kingdom C. The Structure of Gentry Hegemony -The local gentrys economic, political, and cultural power-It effectively undercut the development of any forces that rivaled its power.-In particular, the gentry were able to prevent the rise of an independent bourgeoisie from among Chinese merchants....
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Week 1-3 The End of Imperial China (2) - was little need...

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