Week 5-1 Rural Reform (3)

Week 5-1 Rural Reform (3) - • Industrial profits and...

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Rural Development - Industry Township & Village Enterprises (TVEs) Rural Labor Surplus (30% of total rural labor forces) Floating Population (9 million, 1975-1985) Rural industrialization since 1984 Industrialization without Urbanization local governments turned their attention from rural areas to the urban economy
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Rural Development - Industry Township & Village Enterprises (TVEs)
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Farmers’ Discontent Discontent in Rural China “IOU” Problem
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Unformatted text preview: • Industrial profits and taxes became the primary sources of local prosperity • local officials misuse state procurement funds to invest in more profitable sectors, usually TVEs. • Officials owed a great amount of money to the peasants for “contracted purchases of grain.” – Illegal Taxation • Local officials also levied a variety of local taxes and fees on the countryside to support rapid township development....
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