Week 7-1 Power Structure (3)

Week 7-1 Power Structure (3) - since they interlock from...

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The Matrix Muddle: Tiao-Kuai In an integrated and multilevel nationwide bureaucratic system, China must mesh both vertical and horizontal requirements. The vertical lines are the coordination from center to locality, and the horizontal pieces indicate the coordination between each level of the departments or ministries. These vertical lines ("tiao") and horizontal pieces ("kuai") are to guarantee the leading role and control of Communist Party over the state. After reforms were introduced with an emphasis on decentralization and the retreat of the state from the economy, the traditional system was further fragmented. “Fragmented Authoritarianism” Institutional Corruption
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Problems in China’s Political Institution The Issue of Party-Government Separation The CCP is the core leadership of the whole Chinese people. Therefore, the governmental institutions in China are subject to the party. Almost all the major government officials are party personnel. The state structure and the party are not truly parallel entities,
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Unformatted text preview: since they interlock from top to bottom. – The need to separate professional categories from political affairs Problems in China’s Political Institution • The Overstaffing Problems • Political Structure Reform – The entire decision-making process is highly individualized in the hands of a few. Inefficiency and inability to make decisions – Three Basic Areas of Political Restructuring a. The revitalization of the party – The problem of replacing aging leaders by younger cadres b.The elimination of bureaucratism by instituting administrative efficiency c. The decentralization in decision making, or delegating power to lower levels. Party Congress 12 th (1982) 13 th (1987) 14 th (1992) 15 th (1997) 16 th (2002) 17 th (2007) Average age of Central Committee 73 55 56 55 56 56 % of College Graduates on C.C. . 73 84 92 . 92 • Revolutionized • Rejuvenated • Intellectualized • Professionalized...
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