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Week 9-1&2 Labor Disputes (1)

Week 9-1&2 Labor Disputes (1) - including rural...

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POLC 3020: Contemporary Chinese Govt & Politics Week 9 (1 & 2) Labor Disputes in China Oct. 20, 2010
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What changes have market reforms brought about in the Chinese workplace? Why do Chinese workers increasingly participate in labor disputes? What are the main characteristics of labor conflicts? What is the response of the Chinese government to labor disputes? What is the strategy to deal with workers’ discontents? What is the role that labor unions play in China? Are they effective in handling workers’ dissatisfaction? Are they representing workers’ interests? Question
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Changes in Workplace A. Labor Mobility 33% of workers have ever changed jobs. Workers with a higher socioeconomic status had more frequent job changes. B. Massive Layoffs The unemployment rate increased by 64% from 1991 to 1997. The official urban unemployment rate is 4.1%, but overall rate,
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Unformatted text preview: including rural areas, is estimated 20%. – 18% of laid-off workers could not find another job. Changes in Workplace C. Deteriorating Working Conditions 1. Small/Medium SOEs, Urban Collectives, and TVEs • The FRS allowed local officials and managers to have a great amount of power. • Workers employed in these factories became subordinated to a dictatorial management. 2. POEs and FIEs • Migrant workers found urban jobs in southern coastal provinces, but they were soon exposed to ruthless exploitation. (e.g. low wages, wage arrears, and work injuries) • Local governments, engaged in fierce competition for foreign investments, collude with foreign capital in undermining state labor regulations Changes in Workplace D. Work Unit Preference The Increase of Labor Disputes...
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