Week 9-3 Migrant Workers (1)

Week 9-3 Migrant Workers (1) - POLC 3020 Contemporary...

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POLC 3020: Contemporary Chinese Govt & Politics Week 9 (3) Hukou System and Migrant Workers in China Oct. 22, 2010
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What is the hukou ( 户口 ) system? What changes have market reforms brought about in the hukou system? What are the pros and cons of rural-urban divide in China? How do the Chinese central/local governments and rural peasants understand the hukou reform? What are their position as to the hukou reform policy? Question
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The Hukou System A. What is the hukou ( 户口 ) system? Hukou is a household registration system created in the 1950s under a centrally planned economy in China. It is the most important barrier separating urban and rural regions. Legal permanent residency and numerous community-based rights, opportunities, benefits, and privileges are limited to the location specified in one’s hukou . One may get a temporary residential permit in case of staying for longer than a month for local employment. Violators are subject to fines, detention, forced repatriation, and criminal prosecution, and even jail sentences
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