Week 9-3 Migrant Workers (2)

Week 9-3 Migrant Workers (2) - Crime Rate Growth • The...

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Urban Share of Total Population
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The Hukou System D. The Increase of Floating Population (Migrants) In 2000, more than 50% of the migrants was living in the southern coastal provinces. Migrants are attracted to regions with higher wages and greater job opportunities. Those aged 16-20 Export-oriented, light-industry factories in southern coastal areas prefer to hire young and unmarried migrant workers.
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Hukou : Pros and Cons A. Pros Slow Urbanization Growth China’s urban slums are also relatively small. The Supply of Cheap Labor in a Manageable Way Cheap and controlled laborers who are largely excluded from the benefits enjoyed by urban residents Easily exploited, deprived, and discarded if necessary Rural Development Migrants send home between 20-50% of their income
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Unformatted text preview: Crime Rate Growth • The Influx of migrants has increased crime (30% of crime in Beijing and 70% in Shanghai – World Bank 2007) Hukou : Pros and Cons B. Cons – Discrimination and Exploitation • No legal protection that is provided to other urban residents • Lower wage (80% of that of urban counterparts) • 48% of migrants had experienced nonpayment of wages. – Corruption • A widespread black-market in individual transactions for hukou – Lack of Access to Social Services and Welfare Facilities – Economic Contribution of Migrants • New cities such as Dongguan in Guangdong • The economy of Dongguan has grown 20% annually since 1990. • 50 enterprises employing 5,000 residents in 1990 20,000 FIEs with a population of 500,000....
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Week 9-3 Migrant Workers (2) - Crime Rate Growth • The...

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