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Week 9-3 Migrant Workers (3)

Week 9-3 Migrant Workers (3) - maintain locally determined...

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Responses of the Governments to Migration A. The Central Government An acceptance that migration plays a positive role in development, especially for the rural areas A new hukou reform in 2005 (Ministry of Public Security) The goal was to create a nationally uniform hukou system that erase the distinctive rural-urban divide and further relaxes migration control in medium and major cities B. Local Governments Local governments have been hesitant to fully embrace migrants because of (i) job protection of local residents and (ii) financial burdens of public services. The localities officially removed the rural-urban divide but still
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Unformatted text preview: maintain locally determined “entry conditions.” Responses of Rural Population to the Reform Elimination of the rural hukou means that may villagers near expanding cities lost their land-use rights to local governments who attempt to nationalize the land again. The consequence of the hukou reform is to increase numbers of peasants with “three nos ”— no land, no jobs, and no social welfare. Because of the large rural-urban income gap coupled with the ruthless land grabbing by developers and local officials, the number of protest grew from 8,700 in 1993 to more than 100,000 in 2008....
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