Week 11-2 Environment (1)

Week 11-2 Environment (1) - supplies that meet government...

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POLC 3020: Week 11 (2) Environmental Problems in China Nov. 5, 2010
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How serious are China’s environmental problems? What are the costs of pollution? And, what are the causes of environmental damage in China? Question
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Environmental Problems A. Air Pollution China is the second largest producer of greenhouse gases after the U.S. The rates of suspended particulate matter in China’s air - The WHO considers 60~90 micrograms per cubic meter (mcg/m3) of suspended particulate matter an acceptable range. The average total in China’s large cities was about 400 mcg/m3. (1995) Heavy smog 9 of the world’s 10 cities with the most polluted air are in China.
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Environmental Problems B. Water Pollution Just 1 in 7 rural residents and only half of city dwellers have access to safe water. 60% of all Chinese drink water has more fecal coliform bacteria than WHO guidelines recommend. Only 6 of the country’s 27 largest cities have drinking water
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Unformatted text preview: supplies that meet government standard. Environmental Problems C. Acid Rain Widespread damage by acid rain, especially in southwest China- Extensive use of high-sulfur coal and naturally acidic soils Roughly one third of China’s arable land is affected by acid rain. D. Water Scarcity and Spreading Desserts Water is scarce in north China. Desserts are spreading. Old-growth forest cover is being destroyed. “The great feat of civil engineering since the Great Wall” at a cost budgeted at $24 billion to bring water from central China to the north Environmental Problems E. The Decrease of Arable Land and Forest Arable land diminished by 0.5% per year Rural townships have expanded very rapidly, encroaching on the surrounding arable land. The country lost one third of its mature forests from 1982 to 1989....
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2011 for the course POLC 3020 taught by Professor Kim during the Fall '10 term at Tulane.

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Week 11-2 Environment (1) - supplies that meet government...

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