Week 11-2 Environment (3)

Week 11-2 Environment (3) - priorities and lack of...

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Causes of Pollution A. The Increase of Small Firms Small firms are more sensitive than large state enterprises to the cost structures they confront. Relatively low technology production processes Hard to monitor because of the huge number of small firms B. Sources of Energy China accounts for about 15% of global carbon emissions, and the U.S. accounts for 23%. China’s carbon dioxide component of greenhouse -gas emissions originates primarily in coal burning. China also releases a great deal of methane.
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Causes of Pollution C. Local Governments The local government often has an overriding interest in maintaining maximum production. D. Administrative Structure The State Environmental Policy Agency (SEPA) was promoted to ministerial status in 1998. But many other ministries effectively control parts of the environmental agenda, resulting in competing
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Unformatted text preview: priorities and lack of disciplines and coordination.- Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, and Urban Construction Bureaus Causes of Pollution E. International Factors Among the industrialized countries, many firms whose home governments have tightened their environmental regulations seek to invest in poorer countries where they are freer to pollute. Political Difficulty of Pollution Control Expensive measures to remedy environmental insults are often politically unattractive because they pay off only over the long term.-Example: Global Climate-Control Regime (the Kyoto Protocol) However, a reorientation of the economic growth model toward a sustainable growth with a lighter environmental impact is demanded....
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