Week 12-1 IR Theory (1)

Week 12-1 IR Theory (1) - • World order – Anarchy A...

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POLC 3020: Week 12 (1) China and the World I --Theoretical Overview-- Nov. 8, 2010
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Three System-transforming Wars WWI, WWII, Cold War Three Theories of IR Realism (and Neo-realism) Liberalism (and Neo-Liberalism) Contructivism The Evolution of IR Theories
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Definition A paradigm based on the premise that world politics is essentially and unchangeably a struggle among self- interested states for power and position under anarchy, with each competing state pursuing its own national interests. Intellectual Roots and Advocates Thucydides (Ancient Greek historian), Machiavelli (16 th C), Hobbes (17 th C) Carr (1939), Kennan (1951, 1954), Morgenthau (1948), Niebuhr (1947), Thompson (1960) Realism
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Human Nature Selfish and ethically flawed
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Unformatted text preview: • World order – Anarchy: A system filled with competitive interacting actors in the absence of supervisory governing institutions to regulate the units’ competition. • Major Actor – States • The Purpose of Statecraft – National survival Realism: Central Assumptions • Self-Help – The principle that in anarchy actors should rely on themselves. • Power – Factors that enable one actor to manipulate another actor’s behavior against its preferences – The game of IR The pursuit of power (acquiring it, increasing it, projecting it, and using it to bend others to one’s will) • View of History – Repetitive/ cyclical No progress Realism: Central Assumptions Realism: Cooperation?...
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2011 for the course POLC 3020 taught by Professor Kim during the Fall '10 term at Tulane.

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Week 12-1 IR Theory (1) - • World order – Anarchy A...

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