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Week 12-1 IR Theory (3)

Week 12-1 IR Theory (3) - • Collective Public Goods...

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Definition A paradigm predicted on the hope that the application of reason and universal ethics to international relations can lead to a more orderly, just, and cooperative world, and that international anarchy and war can be policed by institutional reforms that empower international organization and law. Backgrounds Advocates of liberalism were inspired by their interest in ideals after WWI (e.g. Woodrow Wilson). Liberalism
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Human Nature Good or altruistic (Kant, J.S. Mill, Locke, Hume, Rousseau) Sinful human behavior (e.g. violence) is the product of evil institutions that encourage people to act selfishly.
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Unformatted text preview: • Collective Public Goods Collective Security – War can be reduced by strengthening institutional arrangements collectively. e.g. The League of Nations Liberalism: Central Assumptions • View of History – Progressive changes possible • Three Key Points – Ethical principles over the pursuit of power – Institutions over capabilities as forces shaping interstate relations – International relations as a struggle for consensus than a struggle for power and prestige. Liberalism: Central Assumptions...
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