Music - March 8, 2011 MUSI 101 Classical Era 1.) Franz...

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March 8, 2011 MUSI 101 Classical Era 1.) Franz Joseph Haydn was born in 1732 in the village of Rohrau, Austria near the Hungarian border, as one of the most prominent composers of the Classical music era, and said to be the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet." Haydn become an apprentice to Franck in his home to train as a musician. Haydn begin his musical training there and soon was able to play both the harpsichord, violin and sung in the choir. Two years later around 1740, he was brought to the attention of Georg von Reutter, the director of music in Stephansdom Saint Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, who was touring the provinces looking for talented choirboys. Haydn passed his audition with Reutter, and soon moved off to Vienna, where he worked for the next nine years as a chorister. In 1749, Haydn had reached puberty and was no longer able to sing high choral parts and was dismissed from his job. Haydn began to pursue a career as a freelance musican for about 10 years, during this time he had various jobs including valet and an accompanist for the Italian composer Nicolò Porpora, from whom he later said he learned "the true fundamentals of composition." He labored to fill the gaps in his training, and eventually wrote his first string quartets and his first opera. During this time Haydn's professional reputation gradually increased. In 1759, Haydn received his first important position, as the Kapellmeister or music director for Count Karl von Morzin. In this position, he
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2011 for the course MUSI 101 taught by Professor Dr.windy during the Spring '11 term at University of Maryland Eastern Shore.

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Music - March 8, 2011 MUSI 101 Classical Era 1.) Franz...

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