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Chapter 14 Psychology Disorders

Chapter 14 Psychology Disorders - Chapter 14 Psychological...

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Chapter 14 - Psychological Disorders Grant Clay Period 3 11/22/08   AP Psychology Outline Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders   Red – Definition Blue – Important Points Green – Important People & Contributions   I. Medical Model – Proposes to Think of Abnormal Behavior as a Disease. a. Thomas Szasz = Medical Model Critic, “Minds can be ‘sick’ only in the sense that jokes are ‘sick’ or Economies are ‘sick’.” b. Diagnosis – Distinguishing 1 Illness from another. c. Etiology – Apparent Causation and Developmental History of an Illness. d. Prognosis – A Forecast about the Probable Course of an Illness. e. Criteria of Abnormal Behavior = Deviance, Maladaptive Behavior, & Personal Distress. f. Decisions upon if a Person is “Normal” or “Abnormal” is based off Social Norms of the Time. g. Psychological Disorders Stereotypes = Psychological Disorders are Incurable, People with Psychological Disorders are often Violent and Dangerous, & People with Psychological Disorders Behave in Bizarre Ways and are Very Different from Normal People. h. David Rosenhan = Did experiment where it is hard to Distinguish Normality from Abnormality in People. i. Psycho-Diagnosis: Classification of Disorders                                                                i.      Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) –  Current Classification Editions of Mental Disorders.                                                               ii.      5 Different Axis of DSM
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1.        Clinical Syndromes 2.        Personality Disorder or Mental Retardation 3.        General Medical Conditions 4.        Psychosocial & Environmental Problems 5.        Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale j. Prevalence of Psychological Disorders                                                                i.      Epidemiology – Study of Distribution of Mental or Physical  Disorders in a Population.                                                               ii.      Prevalence – Percentage of a Population that Exhibits a Disorder  During a Specified Time Period.                                                             iii.      About 45% of Population has a Mental Disorder sometime During  their Lives. II. Anxiety Disorders a.
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