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BASICS OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING DR JOYZY PIUS EGUNJOBI
INTRODUCTIONSchool counseling is associated with Guidance and CounselingSchool counselors help to make learning a positive experience for every student. They are sensitive to individual differences.
INTRODUCTIONSchool Counselors know that a classroom environment that is good for one child is not necessarily good for another. Counselors facilitate communication among teachers, parents, administrators, and students to adapt the school's environment in the best interests of each individual student. They help individual students make the most of their school experiences and prepare them for the future.
HISTORY OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING
… In Ancient timeThe case of guidance and counseling can be traced back to the ancient timeThe foundations of counseling and guidance principles can be traced to the ancient Greece and Rome with the philosophical teachings of Plato and Aristotle. There is also evidence to argue that some of the techniques and skills of modern-day guidance counselors were practiced by Catholic priests in the Middle Ages, as can be seen by the dedication to the concept of confidentiality within the confessional.
… In Recent TimeNear the end of the sixteenth century, one of the first texts about career options appeared: The Universal Plaza of All the Professions of the World,(1626) written by Tomaso Garzoni. Nevertheless, formal guidance programs using specialized textbooks did not start until the turn of the twentieth century.
In the United States•The social and political reformer Frank Parsons is often credited with being the father of the vocational guidance movement.•In the United States, the school counseling profession began as a vocational guidance movement. •From the 1920s to the 1930s, school counseling and guidance grew because of the rise of progressive education in schools. •National Association for College Admission Counseling is founded in 1937
In the United States•The factors leading to the development of guidance and counseling in the United States began in the 1890s with the social reform movement. •The difficulties of people living in urban slums and the widespread use of child labor outraged many. •One of the consequences was the compulsory education movement and shortly thereafter the vocational guidance movement, which, in its early days, was concerned with guiding people into the workforce to become productive members of society.
In the United States•The social and political reformer Frank Parsons is often credited with being the father of the vocational guidance movement. His work with the Civic Service House led to the development of the Boston Vocation Bureau.•In 1909 the Boston Vocation Bureau helped outline a system of vocational guidance in the Boston public schools.