Alan Brinkley, The Unfinished Nation : Study Guide Chapter 22: The Battle for National Reform 1. The basis of Theodore Roosevelt’s popularity was his ebullient public personality and because he gave the presidency something of its modern status as the center of national political life. 2. “At the heart” of Roosevelt’s public policy was his desire to win for government the power to investigate the activities of corporations and publicize the results. 3. The two accomplishments of the so-called “Square Deal” were the Hepburn Railroad Regulation Act of 1906 (which sought to restore some regulatory authority to the government by giving the ICC authority to inspect the books of railroad companies) and the Pure Food and Drug Act (which restricted the sale of dangerous or ineffective medications). 4. Conservationists promoted policies to protect land for carefully managed development. Preservationists (or naturalists) were committed to protecting the natural beauty of the land and the health of its wildlife from human intrusion. Roosevelt was a conservationist.
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