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3+Clean+Air+Act - Clean Air Act Melanie Marty Ph.D ETX 138...

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ETX 138 January 11, 2011 Clean Air Act January 11, 2010 Melanie Marty, Ph.D.
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History of Air Pollution Regulation 1306: Edward I of England ordered that the burning of sea coal in craftsman's furnaces be prohibited because of the foul-smelling fumes produced. In late 1500s, Elizabeth I banned, for similar aesthetic reasons, the burning of coal in London while Parliament was in session.
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History of Air Pollution Regulation 1930: Meuse Valley, Belgium air inversion results in 60 dead and thousands sick from exposure to industrial air emissions. 1943: First recognized episodes of smog occur in Los Angeles in the summer of 1943. Visibility is only three blocks and people suffer from smarting eyes, respiratory discomfort, nausea, and vomiting. The phenomenon is termed a "gas attack" and blamed on a nearby butadiene plant.
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Donora, PA
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History of Air Pollution Regulation (cont.) 1948: Donora, Pennsylvania air pollution episode kills 20 people, numerous animals and half of the town's 12,000 residents become ill due to uncontrolled emissions from industrial facilities. 1952: Over 4000 deaths attributed to "Killer Fog" in London, England.
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London Fog 1952
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London Fog 1952
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London Fog 1952
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History of Air Pollution Regulation (cont.) 1955: Federal Air Pollution Control Act provided for research and technical assistance and authorized the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) to work towards a better understanding of the causes and effects of air pollution. 1956: "Killer Fog" envelops London, England resulting in 1,000 deaths.
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History of Air Pollution Regulation (cont.) 1960: Federal Motor Vehicle Act requires federal research to address pollution from motor vehicles. 1963: First Federal Clean Air Act (CAA) empowers the Secretary of HEW to define air quality criteria based on scientific studies. 1965: CAA amendments provide for direct regulation of air pollution by the federal government, and HEW is directed to establish auto emission standards.
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1970 Clean Air Act Amendment Basics Acronym: CAA Enacted: December 13, 1970, Major amendments: 1977, 1990 Regulations:40 CFR 50-80 Federal agency with jurisdiction: EPA Sets national standards for air quality.
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Purposes of CAA To protect and enhance quality of air resources To promote public health, welfare and productive capacity of the population To initiate national research and development to control air pollution Federal-State Partnership Provide technical and financial assistance to states Assist development of regional air pollution control programs.
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Mobile air pollution sources are primarily motor vehicles: automobiles, trucks, aircraft and farm equipment. Stationary
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3+Clean+Air+Act - Clean Air Act Melanie Marty Ph.D ETX 138...

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