6+Federal+Clean+Water+Act

6+Federal+Clean+Water+Act - Federal Clean Water Act and...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011 Federal Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act January 20, 2011 George V. Alexeeff, Ph.D., D.A.B.T.
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 June 22, 1969 when an oil slick and assorted debris catch fire under a railroad trestle on the Cuyahoga River, which flows through Cleveland, Ohio and into Lake Erie. This fire becomes a symbol of “a planet in disrepair and an ever-deepening environmental crisis” January 20, 2011
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 2006 Burning River Brass January 20, 2011
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011 Federal Clean Water Act (CWA) l Date enacted: 1972, 1977 l Public Law Number: PL 92-500 l Regulation: 40CFR 100-400 & 400-470 l Agency with jurisdiction: US EPA, But states are primarily responsible for enforcement l Clean Water Act applies to a series of federal acts and amendments l Applies to discharges into surface water
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011 Declaration of Goals and Policy l Eliminate discharges l Protect fish, wildlife, and human recreation l Prohibit toxic substance discharges l Adopt nationwide waste treatment processes l Develop non-point control technologies
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011 Pollution Defined under CWA l Human induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological and radiological integrity of water by: Toxic substances, organic wastes Agricultural sediment Acids, nutrients, heat, oil, grease (heat- power plants) Bacteria and viruses Rock, sand, dirt and dredged or fill material
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011 Pollution Defined under CWA (cont.) l Amount of dissolved oxygen l pH l Water temperature l Amount of light infiltration l Rate of and amount of water flow l Amount of silt l Nutrient load l Biological bacteria or parasites l Presence of oil or chemical constituents
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011 What Water is Covered? l Navigable waters Originally had to navigable But defined as “waters of the US” in the CWA l Tributaries of navigable waters l Interstate waters l Intrastate waters Used by interstate travelers Sources of fish sold in interstate commerce Utilized by industries in interstate commerce l Covers 270-to-300 million acres of swampy lands in the United States including half of Alaska and an area the size of California in the lower 48 States.
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011 Navigable Waters l Prior to CWA navigable waters of the United States had to be navigable. Based on Interstate Commerce Clause l US Constitution (Article I, section 8), authorizes Congress "To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with Indian Tribes." l After CWA the Army Corps of Engineers adopted this definition. They were sued by NRDC (1975) and lost.
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ETX 138 January 21, 2010 January 20, 2011 Navigable Waters (cont.) l The Army Corps broadened the definition of navigable waters.
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  • Winter '10
  • GeorgeAlexeeff
  • Drinking water, Clean Water Act, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Safe Drinking Water Act

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