Chapter 3 - Skeleton - Psy250: Scientific Inquiry Chapter 3...

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Psy250: Scientific Inquiry Chapter 3 Ethical Research
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History: Tuskegee Syphilis Study Initiated and funded by PHS in 1932 Designed to study course of syphilis in African Americans When study started there was no known treatment Hundreds of men recruited Participants misinformed about the nature of the study and parts of the procedure Ex: painful spinal taps were described as a necessary and special free treatment
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History: Tuskegee Syphilis Study 1940s: penicillin was found to be effective treatment Yet, study continued until 1972 Men were not given treatment In fact, study personnel ensured that men would not receive antibiotics… Told local doctors not to treat them and asked the military draft board not to draft Informed participants that if they volunteered for the military they would no longer be paid for study
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History: Tuskegee Syphilis Study When study ended failing to treat syphilis led to at least: 28 deaths 100 cases of disability 40 wives infected 19 cases of congenital syphilis
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History In resulting public outrage from studies like syphilis study: U.S. Congress held hearings which resulted in National Research Act of 1974 This act in turn: Established the "National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research (who wrote Belmont Report) Required formation of Institutional Review Boards at institutions receiving federal funding
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Belmont Report Written by National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research Defined principles that were basis of current ethical guidelines: Beneficence risks and benefits assessment Respect for persons/autonomy informed consent Justice selection of participants
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Assessment of Risks and Benefits Beneficence: research should maximize beneficial effects and minimize harmful effects. Risk benefit analysis: calculate risks and benefits that are likely to result. Need to ask if research procedures have minimized risk to participants
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Assessment of Risks and Benefits Risks include: Physical Harm Psychological Harm Stress Loss of confidentiality Cost of not conducting the study
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Assessment of Risks and Benefits Benefits include: Direct benefits Material benefits Sense of satisfaction from helping with research Application of research findings Current regulations require risk-benefit analysis before research is done
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Physical harm: rare in psychological research (but possible). Examples ; administering a drug, caffeine, alcohol, medications, depriving participants of sleep. Research needs to have clear benefits that
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2011 for the course PSY 250 taught by Professor Briannalharris during the Summer '10 term at State University of New York.

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Chapter 3 - Skeleton - Psy250: Scientific Inquiry Chapter 3...

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