Chapter 6 Part 1 - Skeleton

Chapter 6 Part 1 - Skeleton - Psy250: Scientific Inquiry...

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Psy250: Scientific Inquiry Chapter 6 Observational Methods
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Nonexperimental research: Beahvior is observed or measured Wide variety of behavior in a plethora of settings, so there are many ways to measure and observe behavior Self-report/surveys Examine existing records Observe behavior as it occurs naturally
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Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches Qualitative Research: Focuses on people behaving in their natural setting and describing their world in their own words Generally emphasizes collecting in-depth information from relatively few people or in a limited setting Conclusions based on interpretation of researcher
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Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches Quantitative Research: Focuses on specific behaviors that can be easily quantified Large samples Statistical analysis of data
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Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches: Example
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Naturalistic Observation a.k.a. field work, field observation Observations are made in a natural setting Used when researcher wants to describe and understand how people in a social or cultural setting live, work, and experience the setting Researcher becomes immersed in the situation
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Naturalistic Observation: Examples Jane Goodall - How animals lived Roy ( 1959) - practical jokes and humor at work Davis (1997) - use of corporal punishment by parents
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Field researcher observes EVERYTHING – setting, patterns of personal relationships, people’s reactions to events, interactions among people, etc. goal is to provide a clear accurate, and descriptive hypotheses formed prior to study. Take detailed notes on observations, interview
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2011 for the course PSY 250 taught by Professor Briannalharris during the Summer '10 term at State University of New York.

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Chapter 6 Part 1 - Skeleton - Psy250: Scientific Inquiry...

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