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ch 1 - Research Designs

ch 1 - Research Designs - practical possible gender...

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Research Designs Non-experimental: Descriptive Non-experimental: Correlational Experimental Purpose Describe Predict outcomes Find relationships Identify cause and effect relationship Methods No research manipulation Case study Observation, survey No research manipulation Researcher manipulates one or few variables (causes) and measures one or few “effects” Strengths Study wide range of variables See areas for future study Study wide range of variables See areas for future study Address cause and effect questions Weakness No cause and effect No cause and effect Can’t manipulate some variables (ethical,
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Unformatted text preview: practical, possible gender) Happiness example Happiest country? Can money predict happiness? Can being kind cause greater happiness? • Money worth increases, well-being decreases • Money worth decreases, well being increases • Individuals don’t matter • Compare groups not people Direction of relationship: • Positive = 2 variables moving in the same direction • Negative = 2 variables move inversely • No correlation = no relationship • Maybe variable A à variable B • Maybe variable B à variable A • Maybe variable C à both variables A and B...
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