Attributions and Attitudes.ppt

Attributions and Attitudes.ppt - Social Psychology:...

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Social Psychology: Jacqueline Rivers and Michael Buhrmester
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Overview • Attributions – Attribution Theory: • Types of Attributions • 2 theories – Fundamental Attribution Error (FAE) – Self-Serving Bias, Self Handicapping Bias – Just World Hypothesis – Special Considerations • Attitudes
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Attributions • Imagine this scenario: – You are the boss – One of your employees has been late to work almost every day recently – Comes in an hour late holding coffee • Why are they late all of the time? • Should you fire them?
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Attributions • What is an attribution? – An explanation for the behavior of ourselves and others – Types of Attributions: • Internal = personal: ability, mood, personality, effort • External = situational: circumstances, others, task, luck • Examples: Exam score; Speeding, tailgating driver – Was the person or the situation responsible for the act?
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Attributions • Attribution Theory – Two main theories for attribution process: • Correspondent Inference Theory, and Covariation Theory – Correspondent Inference Theory: • People try to infer from an action if it corresponds to an enduring personal characteristic of the actor. • Only need to see behavior once • Try to understand person based on the act : Donates to charity = person is an altruist? Tailgater a jerk?
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Attributions
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Attributions • Covariation Theory: – People make personal and situational attributions – Based on covariation of 3 sources of information
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Attributions and Attitudes.ppt - Social Psychology:...

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