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Cognitive Lecture - First component of probabilistic...

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Cognitive Psychology Cognitive set Algorithms Heuristics probabilistic inference availability heuristic representativeness heuristic anchoring heuristic Cognitive pitfalls cognitive set regression to the mean seek reward/avoid punishment mental balance sheet
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Algorithm -- solving a problem by trying every possible solution
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Heuristic -- solving a problem using a “rule of thumb” (an approach that tries the most likely solutions first) e.g. “i before e”
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probabilistic inference —an educated guess based on experience
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Availability heuristic -- we decide how probable an event Is by how easily we can think of examples of that event
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Unformatted text preview: First component of probabilistic inference (educated guessing) Representativeness heuristic-- we decide how probable an event is by how similar it is to a known situation e.g. we think that people who look smart are more likely to be smart than people who don’t look smart Second component of probabilistic inference (educated guessing) Joe camel Anchoring heuristic -- the tendency for people to use previously determined starting points for making decisions Time flies like an arrow Fruit flies like a banana...
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