exerciseanswers3 - 1 Answers to exercises: Chapter 3 1....

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1 Introducing English Grammar, second edition, published by Hodder Education © K. Börjars and K. Burridge Answers to exercises: Chapter 3 1. Spot the word class They gulched [verb quaffed ] and guttled [verb guzzled ]. Mephitically [adverb offensively ] alliaceous [adjective smelly ] ventripotent [adjective big-bellied ] fopdoodles [noun fools ] and gotchy [adjective bloated ] slubberdegullions [noun ratbags ], she mussitated [verb muttered ]. She fibulated [verb hesitated ], piddling [verb nibbling ] moliminously [adverb laboriously ] at the jejune [adjective meagre ] and unsaporous [adjective unsatisfying ] grots [noun scraps ] tofore [preposition in front of* ] her. Fackins [interjection Damn ]! Pabulous [noun delicious ] comessations [noun banquets ] were an ephialtes [noun nightmare ] for the deipnetic [noun diner ]. It was a niminy [adjective weak ] gulosity [noun gluttony ], she wiste [verb knew ] it, but they begat [verb caused ] swilk [demonstrative such* ] an increment [noun increase ] in her recrement [noun saliva ], a cupidity [noun desire ] that was ineluctable [adjective inescapable ] – it was the flurch [noun abundance ] of post-jentacular [adjective palate-tickling ] flampoints [noun tarts ] and licious [adjective luscious ] lozens [noun pastries ]. Thilke [demonstrative those* ] trogalions [noun sweets ] she yissed [verb desired ] avidulously [adverb greedily ]. She could but gorm [verb stare ] esuriently [adverb hungrily ] at the ashet [noun dish ]. She fimbled [verb touched ] her falbala [noun petticoat ] aganacticiously [adverb anxiously ]. *We’ve also included a number of functional (or grammatical) words: tofore , which is an obsolete preposition (also conjunction) meaning something like ‘before’; swilk, a demonstrative (and also pronoun), and an earlier and alternative form of such ; thilke, a demonstrative (and also pronoun), meaning ‘those, these’. We will summarize how we assigned the word classes here: we classified all the items on the basis of their grammatical behaviour; that is, their shape (i.e. their morphology) and their position in the sentence (i.e. their syntax). All the verbs show typical inflectional morphology: gulch and guttle take the typical past tense marker -ed ; nouns like fopdoodles and slubberdegullion take the plural ending -s. Adverbs here show the common derivational -ly ending used to derive adverbs from adjectives: aganacticiously and moliminously (but remember this ending can also be found on adjectives, and there are many adverbs that don’t have it). Some adjectives here show the classic -y deriviation ending: gotchy and niminy , but with these we also had to go on position. As we discussed in the chapter, words of the same class will fill the same basic slots in the recurrent patterns of a language. These adjectives occur just before the noun in the noun phrase. 2. Word classes in non-normal speech
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2011 for the course LIN 204 taught by Professor Anna during the Spring '11 term at University of Toronto.

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exerciseanswers3 - 1 Answers to exercises: Chapter 3 1....

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