exerciseanswers7 - 1 Answers to exercises: Chapter 7 1....

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1 Introducing English Grammar, second edition, published by Hodder Education © K. Börjars and K. Burridge Answers to exercises: Chapter 7 1. Identifying noun phrases Remember that the best way to discover where a noun phrase begins and ends is to replace it with a pronoun. their film stock the intense heat and powerful cosmic radiation on the moon Here you may argue that there are two NPs, the intense heat and powerful cosmic radiation on the moon , but we think that it is actually two N’ constituents which have been co-ordinated to give a new N’, intense heat and powerful cosmic radiation . This constituent is then modified by on the moon and takes a determiner the . the moon conditions that should have made it useless it the shadows light sources and, in particular, powerful spotlights multiple light sources powerful spotlights the only light source on the moon the moon the sun not one still picture the film footage NASA both the same time 2. Which is the head? We will ignore the pronouns here, as well as the noun phrases that just consist of a determiner and a noun. There isn’t much to say about them. Remember that even if a modifier consists of one adjective, it is still a full AP: the adjective could have had modification. This is different from a pre-modifying noun, which could not have been modified in any way. their film stock head: stock pre-modifier: noun film the intense heat and powerful cosmic radiation on the moon Since this NP contains two co-ordinated N’, we would have to say there are two heads, heat and radition . The first N’ contains the AP pre-modification intense and the second two APs, powerful and cosmic . The co-ordinated N’ is post- modified by on the moon .
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2 Introducing English Grammar, second edition, published by Hodder Education © K. Börjars and K. Burridge conditions that should have made it useless head: conditions post-modifier: relative clause that should have made it useless light sources and, in particular, powerful spotlights Again, as a co-ordinated noun phrase, there isn’t any one head. Each conjunct contains one pre-modifier: the noun light and the AP powerful . multiple light sources head: sources pre-modifier: AP multiple noun light Multiple is a little odd as an adjective; it does not do the things we expect an adjective to do. There is a group of these elements that indicate amount or number, including the numerals, that behave differently from other adjectives, and if you get serious about grammar, you might want to think about whether there should be a further category. However, given the categories we have introduced in the book, adjective is the most appropriate. powerful spotlights
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2011 for the course LIN 204 taught by Professor Anna during the Spring '11 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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exerciseanswers7 - 1 Answers to exercises: Chapter 7 1....

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