exerciseanswers11 - 1 ANSWERS TO EXERCISES: CHAPTER ELEVEN...

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1 Introducing English Grammar, second edition, published by Hodder Education © K. Börjars and K. Burridge 1 ANSWERS TO EXERCISES: CHAPTER ELEVEN 1. Singapore English This passage show some distinctive lexical and grammatical features of Singlish compared to Standard English: Verbs often not marked for past tense. Verbs missing agreement with subject (person and number). Missing auxiliary verbs; also missing copular verb to be. Use of already with either the basic verb or the past tense to mark completed actions. Plurals missing from nouns. No inversion of subject and verb after a question word. Frequent use of particles; for example, lah. (As an aside, depending on tone and length, lah can indicate (1) that something is self evident; (2) impatience; (3) emphasis (e.g. strong objection); (4) completed action.) Different word order; e.g. position of adverbs . Frequent repetition of words for emphasis/intensity. The adjective blur means ‘very vague’. You will see that there is some variation in this passage. Sometimes the features show up, sometimes they don’t and sometimes both Standard English and Singlish features appear side by side (for example, the past tense of verbs). What you typically find is that the
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exerciseanswers11 - 1 ANSWERS TO EXERCISES: CHAPTER ELEVEN...

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