Week4.Part1 - Today Assignment 1 returned Discussion of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Today • Assignment 1 returned • Discussion of assignment 2 and plagiarism • Functions within the clause – Subjects and predicates – NPs and VPs – Tree notation – Objects and complements Functions within the clause • We’re going to look at the basic functions within the simplest kind of English sentence: a declarative sentence made up of a single clause. • Declaratives = statements • We will also look at what categories typically fill each function, and use tree notation to show this structure. • Even though you’re expected to read Chapter 4 in the textbook, you’ll never be asked for trees that represent functional structure, like in 4.7. We’ll always show category structure with our trees. Subject and predicate • Simple declaratives are made up of a subject and predicate. • The subject is sometimes referred to as the agent, or ‘doer’, but it’s better thought of in terms of its grammatical role. • The predicate is everything that’s not the subject. bark. hate dogs. was chasing the dog. looked happy. Dogs Cats The cat The black cat under the tree Predicate Subject Category structure • In almost all simple declaratives, the subject is a noun phrase (NP) and the predicate is a verb phrase (VP). • A noun phrase is made up of at least one noun or pronoun (the head of the NP) which makes up its core. Other words that determine, modify or complement the head are also part of the phrase. [ NP Dogs] bark. [ NP Cats] hate dogs. [ NP The cat] was chasing the dog. [ NP The black cat under the tree] looked happy. Category structure (2)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

Week4.Part1 - Today Assignment 1 returned Discussion of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online