Final Review Sheet- POLSCI

Final Review Sheet- POLSCI - 1. Conditional party...

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1. Conditional party government- The degree of authority delegated to and exercised by congressional leaders. a. Importance: By Congress being in subject to this, it has the authority to replace agents if the principals aren’t satisfied with their work. 2. Gerrymandering - If one party controls the legislature, it may attempt to draw lines to favor its own candidates. a. Importance: Within this limits, a party can “draw” out the parts of a district that do not favor it, and get other parts of a district to get their vote. 3. Necessary and proper clause- It is part of Article 1, Section 8, of the Constitution. This clause grants Congress the authority to make all laws that are “necessary and proper” and to execute those laws. a. Importance: This leaves a door opened for a major expansion of Congress’s legislative power. They can make any new law if they find it “necessary”. 4. Seniority rule- The congressional practice of appointing as committee or subcommittee chairs the members of the majority party with the most years of committee service. a. Importance: This reduces the time and energy members would otherwise put into competing for these valued positions. 5. Majority leader- The formal leader of the party controlling a majority of the seats in the House or the Senate. a. Importance: This helps with the party organization. i. In the Senate- the majority leader is the head of the majority party.
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ii. In the House- the majority leader ranks second in the party hierarchy, behind the Senate. 6. Conference committee- A temporary joint committee of the House and the Senate appointed to reconcile the differences between the two chambers of a particular piece of legislature. a. Importance: They resolve differences between the House and the Senate versions of bills. 7. Filibuster- A tactic used in the Senate to halt action on a bill. It includes long speeches until the majority withdrawals (gives in). a.
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2011 for the course POL 1 taught by Professor Berman,l during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

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Final Review Sheet- POLSCI - 1. Conditional party...

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