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PSC100_Lecture 1_January 6 2011

PSC100_Lecture 1_January 6 2011 - PSC 100 Prof Gibbs...

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PSC 100 Prof Gibbs January 6, 2011 Lecture 1: The Story of Cognition Intro: Definitions of Cognition : Ulric Neisser : American Psychologist who defined cognition as all information we are gathering is by seeing, feeling, and experiencing it and then the information is processed, possibly making meaningful connections. We organize and restructure information. Flavell : Cognition is the entire thought process Cognitive Task: Questions: 1. How many hands did FDR? 2. Does an eagle have wings? When you ask people a straightforward question such as the ones above in which people are able to give an answer almost instantaneously and you ask them HOW they knew the answer, they typically respond with “I just knew.” We aren’t constantly consciously aware how and what we are thinking for example the mechanics that go into concluding the answer that FDR had two hands and that eagles do have wings, what is the process? We hear the question, make sense and understand the words in the question, we search for information we have stored about general or personal information, and then we are able to reach an answer yet all of this is done without our awareness and almost instantaneously.
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