PSC100_MIDTERM 3_FALL2010

PSC100_MIDTERM 3_FALL2010 - Psych 100 Fall, 2010 Gibbs Exam...

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Psych 100 Fall, 2010 Gibbs Exam 3 Patrizia is learning English. She would like to say that it is almost time to go home. Instead, she says, "Time it is almost go home." The property of language that Patrizia has NOT mastered is the English language's a. arbitrary symbolism productive quality regular structure dynamic property 2. Timmy said, "My name is Tirrimy Smithson and I live on the corner of Lake and Portage Bay roads." It is very likely that Timmy is the first human being in history to have uttered this sentence. This description illustrates language's regularity of structure generative property arbitrary symbolic reference d. communicative property r r J , 3. Every day, new words are developed as new technology and cultural trends develop. The coining of new words and phrases refers to language's regularity of structure multiplicity of structure dynamic quality communicative property 4. Which of the following is an example of an overextension made by young children? a. always using a word in a particular position in a sentence (e.g., "more up" or "more ball.") calling all four legged animals "dog" using the term "cookie" to refer to only chocolate chip cookies d. using a single word to express a variety of meanings (e.g., "juice" can mean "I want some juice" or it can mean "Is that juice in the bottle?") 5. The period of language development when children will say a single word at a time and use it to mean as much as a whole sentence is called f. telegraphic bi. holophrastic L semantic (d.) uniword
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6. The smallest meaningful unit in language is called * Phoneme Morpheme c. Letter d. Word 7. The form or structure of a language is called a. Pragmatics Semantics Syntax Phonics 8. My Mend who is 4 uses simpler sentences when he talks to his 2-year-old brother than when he talks to me. He is showing his skill in Pragmatics Semantics Syntax » Phonics 9. To prove that Watson was wrong when he said that we engage in "thinking" only by engaging in subvocal speech, Smith SL Went to sleep and then reported his dreams W) Paralyzed all his muscles with curare and then reported his thoughts c. Asked deaf people if they could think d. All of the above 10. According to Whorf s linguistic relativity hypothesis X^ All languages are similar and can be interchanged by multilingual individuals "K Language does not shape the way people perceive and organize their world c. Perception and experience shape the way people use language <3y Languages do shape the way people perceive and organize their world. 11. In Rosch's study that I talked about in class, she asked the Dani of New Guinea, who had only two basic color words, to remember colors. She found 0 That they remember colors in much the same way as English speakers do ' do. That they remember colors in an entirely different way than English speakers do c. That all of their memory systems are organized in a much different way than are English-speakers' memory systems Nk All of the above
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12. In defining language, one necessary quality was displacement. This means that
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PSC100_MIDTERM 3_FALL2010 - Psych 100 Fall, 2010 Gibbs Exam...

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