PSC168_CHAPTER1_CHAPTER2

PSC168_CHAPTER1_CHAPTER2 - PSC168 Prof. Sommer PSC168:...

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PSC168 Prof. Sommer PSC168: Chapter 1 pages 1-18, Chapter 2 Abnormal Psychology: Past and Present I. What is Psychological Abnormality: Fours “D’s” A. Deviance 1. Behavior thoughts and emotions that break norms of psychological functioning 2. Statistical rarity: 3. Moral violation: B. Distress 1. Behavior, ideas, or emotions must cause distress before they can be labeled abnormal C. Dysfunction 1. Behavior, ideas, or emotions must interfere with daily functioning, it distracts or confuses people that they can’t care for themselves properly, take part in ordinary social interactions or work productively D. Danger 1. Behavior, thought, or emotions become dangerous: careless, hostile or confuse may cause risk for the individual. 2. Danger is usually the exception rather than the rule. 3. Lanterman-Petris-Short Act:
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PSC168 Prof. Sommer 4. Grave disability: E. The elusive Nature of Abnormality 1. Thomas Szasz-believes mental illness is invalid, it’s a myth. Society has created concept of mental illness to better control unusual people. 2. Easy to overlook behavior that is from a subculture of familiar. a. Alcoholism among college students 3. Some behavior eccentric but not abnormal a. A man living with 12 cats who rarely socializes II. What is Treatment? A. Special systematic procedures for helping people overcome their psychological difficulties. B. Jerome Frank on therapy: 1. A sufferer seeking relief from healer 2. Trained, socially accepted healer 3. Series of contacts between sufferer and healer through which effort is made in order to produce change III. How was Abnormality Viewed& Treated in Past?-in any year 30% adults, 19% children suffer from psychological disturbances A. Ancient views and treatments
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PSC168 Prof. Sommer 1. Abnormal behavior was a result of evil spirits, magical beings, and supernatural external forces. a. Skulls recovered from ancient societies showed TREPHINATION , in which a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull, used to treat abnormal behavior, by opening the skull and letting out the evil spirits. 2. Abnormal behavior in Egyptian, Chinese, and Hebrew writings was explained by possession by demons.
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2011 for the course PSC 168 taught by Professor Zane during the Summer '07 term at UC Davis.

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PSC168_CHAPTER1_CHAPTER2 - PSC168 Prof. Sommer PSC168:...

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