Theory - MOTIVATION Content versus Process Theories Content...

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MOTIVATION
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Content versus Process Theories Content theories specify the needs or factors that motivate people Maslow Herzberg Process theories specify the mechanisms through which people are motivated to do certain things Expectancy theory Equity theory
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Expectancy Theory
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Porter and Lawler Terminology Valence or V – People have preferences among various outcomes available to them Refers to the question “Do I want it?” Varies theoretically from -1 (really hate) through 0 (couldn’t care less) to +1 (really love) The sign represents the direction of the preference, the size represents its strength
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Porter and Lawler Terminology Effort Performance or E P Expectancy People have expectancies about the likelihood that an action on their part will lead to the intended behavior or performance Refers to the question “Can I do it?” Varies theoretically from 0 (no chance) to + 1 (certain)
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Porter and Lawler Terminology Performance
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2011 for the course MGMT 4953 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Arkansas.

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Theory - MOTIVATION Content versus Process Theories Content...

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