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Lecture_11_Outline - Lecture11:RomanticSong I Romanticism...

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Lecture 11: Romantic Song I. Romanticism in the 19 th Century (1820-1900) i. Introduction (general info) Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) o Rise of Nationalism o Decline of Patronage Industrial revolution hits its stride o Concentration of population in cities (Vienna especially) o Benefitted musical instrument industry Middle class is now a major force o Middle-class music making ii. Arts and Culture A reaction against the rationality of the previous century (The Pendulum!!) o Focus on the individual and expression of the self (beginning with Beethoven); o No more balance; emotional over cerebral Some important themes: o Nationalism and Exoticism o Interest in the unknown Folklore & the supernatural & powerful emotions o Man vs. Nature, or the Beautiful vs. Sublime iii. Music in the Romantic Era Emotional over the cerebral Pieces are extreme o Extremely long or short works o Unbalanced phrases Expanded orchestras and fuller sounds The Great Divide: Absolute vs. Program Nationalism Classical: Mozart Symphony no. 31 in D Major Vs.
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Romantic: Dvorak Symphony no. 9 in E Minor II. Middle-Class Music Making
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