lecture01 - ELEC622 Lecture 1 Who am I ? Microprocessor...

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ELEC622 Lecture 1 1 ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A Microprocessor Systems ELEC 622 ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A Who am I ? John Marsland Room 616 Electronic Engineering Building email: marsland@liverpool.ac.uk ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A Who are you? Compulsory for: Microelectronic Systems EEMS EEMA Information and Intelligence Engineering IEMA ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A Course Structure Approx. 10 lectures on Thursday at 3 p.m. in E4 and Friday at 2 p.m. in E4. 3 laboratory assignments ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A Course Assessment 30% Assignment 1 – submitted week 5 30% Assignment 2 – submitted week 8 40% Assignment 3 – submitted week 11 This is a 7.5 credit module. ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A Course Content Processor system hardware outline General processor system hardware elements, structures and organisation. Low level language programming Instruction set for the ARM Cortex M3. Use of the assembler. Creating programmes and programme structures in assembly language. Processor system hardware structure CPU. Bus systems, memory systems.
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ELEC622 Lecture 1 2 ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A What is a microprocessor? The part of a computer which does all the calculations is called the central processing unit (CPU). If a CPU is contained in one integrated circuit (silicon chip) it is called a microprocessor. The first microprocessor was the Intel 4004 which appeared in 1971. It was much less powerful than a 1970’s computer because at that time integrated circuits only had a fraction of the number of transistors compared to modern integrated circuits. ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A INTEL 4004 15 November 1971 2,300 transistors 10 micron gate length 4 bit address bus 100 kHz clock ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A INTEL Pentium Feb. 2004 (0.09 μ m) 125 million transistors 0.09 μ m gate length 36 bit address bus upto 3.6 GHz clock 112 mm 2 die area min. power 73 Watts ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A Modern microprocessors. With the advance of integrated circuit technology microprocessors have become more sophisticated and are now much more powerful than a 1970’s computer. Now an integrated circuit has enough transistors to contain several microprocessors or alternatively a microprocessor and associated circuits such as memory, analogue to digital converters (ADC), interfaces e.g. USB etc. ELEC622 JS Marsland 2011 3C41524D2E504F574552454 43E0D0A The ARM microprocessor. The ARM microprocessor family are examples of
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lecture01 - ELEC622 Lecture 1 Who am I ? Microprocessor...

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