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Unformatted text preview: person who does not believe that he or she can get a private office will be motivated to work hard in order to get one anyway. Flexible scheduling strategies, because they have been ineffective in motivating employees, are declining in use. Victor Vroom is called "the father of scientific management." Theory Y managers are democratic leaders. If a person has his or her pay docked for tardiness, he or she will probably make a greater effort to arrive at work on time in the future. Management by objectives allows an organization to constantly emphasize what must be done in order to achieve organizational objectives. Theory X managers help their employees achieve all five of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. In the Hawthorne studies, employee productivity increased regardless of physical conditions in the work environment. Job rotation is more successful in increasing job satisfaction than is job enlargement. Elton Mayo discovered the Hawthorne effect....
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